欢迎来到短美文,好词,好句,好文。我要投稿投诉建议美文欣赏心情随笔感人故事感悟人生情感文章情感日志短故事励志文章短篇散文经典短文诗词读后感观后感听后感游后感励志名言好词经典成语评语谚语花语优美签名说说经典台词好句经典语录名人名言寄语祝福语座右铭短美文网导游词麦积山导游词麦积山导游词时间:2020-07-14 08:02:39导游词我要投稿s(“content_top”);麦积山导游词范文  作为一名默默奉献的导游,就难以避免地要准备导游词,导游词可以加深游客对景点的印象,是提升讲解水平的.重要工具。那要怎么写好导游词呢?以下是小编为大家收集的麦积山导游词范文,希望对大家有所帮助。  麦积山导游词1  The climate of Tianshui is suitable for the survival of mankind. That makes it become a cradle of the Chinese nation. As we know, Fuxi and Nuwa who are the Chinese ancestors lived here. They created the early period of Chinese culture. For the suitable climate, there are many wonderful attractions. This time we will go to Maiji Mountain, and visit Maiji Mountain Grottoes.  Maiji Mountain is located 50 km far from Tianshui just to the south of Maiji Village. It is only 142 meters above the ground, but the altitude of about 2,000 meters above the sea level. It is a single and distinct peak of the xiaolong Mountain of Western Qinling Range. Since it looks like a huge wheat straw pile from afar, it is called Maiji Mountain (the Wheat Straw Pile Mountain). The flouring various plants with clouds wrapping them in a blanket of mist create one of nature’s most majestic sights. In the late of the Western Hang Dynasty, it became the palace of Kui Xiao (隗嚣) who is a famous general of Tianshui. The Maiji Mountain Scenic Area was listed as a famous resort under the state protection by the State Council in 1982. And Maiji Mountain Grottoes are the most important area of it, which rank the second in the four well-known grottoes in Gansu Province. (The four well-known grottoes are Mogao Grottoes, Maiji Mountain Grottoes, Bingling Temple Grottoes and Mati Temple Grottoes.)  The grottoes of Maiji Mountain are caved in the cliffs, which are in rows 20 to 30 meters or 70 to 80 meters above the foot of mountain. That makes them look like a huge honeycomb in the distance. The wide of those grottoes which are linked by some dangerous ways is from 3 meters to about 1 meter.  Maiji Mountain Grottoes were first dug in the Qin Dynasty of the Sixteen States Period (about 384 to 417 AD). And the grottoes were cut and repaired in the successive dynasties of the Northern Wei Dynasty, the Western Wei Dynasty, the Northern Zhou Dynasty, the Sui Dynasty, the Tang Dynasty, the Five Dynasties, the Song Dynasty, the Yuan Dynasty, the Ming Dynasty and the Qing Dynasty. An earthquake which occurred in Tianshui during the Tang Dynasty (734 AD) resulted in collapse of the cliff, and the grottoes were subsequently divided into tow sections: the Eastern and the Western with 54 and 140 grottoes respectively, which were called the Eastern Pavilion and the Western Pavilion during the Five Dynasties.  In the Eastern, there is the Thousands of Buddhism Corridor, the Throwing Flowers Building, the Upper Seven-Buddhism Pavilion, and the Middle Seven-Buddhism Pavilion, and so on. In the Western, there are 3 grottoes which are the most famous. In them, the biggest is the Thousands of Buddhism Pavilion, the second is the Heavenly Cave, and the smallest is the Cave NO.127, which were all cut in 6 AD.  There is a legend associated with the Throwing Flowers Building. It is said that Sakyamuni appeared here to preach. During the first time, there were tens of thousands of disciples in the valley which was under the  Throwing Flowers Building. In order to know whether all of them understand the Buddhist thoughts and tenets, the 28 flying aspara threw different kinds of petals to them. If the disciples understood, the petals would not fall, but fall; if not, the petals would fall. It was surprised that all of the petals rose. Now you can throw some pieces of paper, you will find the pieces rise. Do you know why? Because there is an air current which can make some light things rise.  Though Maiji Mountain Grottoes are suffered many earthquakes and fires, now there are 194 grottoes, more than 7,200 statues and over 1,300 square meters murals. As the stone of Maiji Mountain is unfit for caving, most statues are clay sculptures, but they are quite exquisite. The sculptures are mainly images of Buddha and his disciples, Bodhisattvas, the Heavenly Kings and Vajras. It is surprised that the sculptures have been preserved well, even though the climate is wet in Maiji Mountain.  Like the earliest sculpture of Mogao Grottoes, the grottoes of Maiji Mountain were obviously influenced by the Indian style in 30 caves during the Northern Wei Dynasty, the Western Wei Dynasty and the Northern Zhou Dynasty. By the time of the Song Dynasty, the style was changed greatly due to mixing the Indian culture and the Central Chinese culture. The sculptures wear diverse countenance looking vivid. And the dress of them is soft and natural. In the late period, the style was continuously improved on the basis of the Chinese current culture. So the sculptures are more vivid than before and full of the interest of worldly life. However, since the Northern Wei Dynasty, almost the sculptures bowed their heads, as if they were looking this world. They are the gods, but they look like the human beings.  The grottoes of Maiji Mountain are of high values for the study on politic, economy and culture in ancient China, even though they are the Buddhist arts. The grottoes embody the Chinese national tradition and consciousness, and also have the characteristic of making the form show the spirit. Especially the sculptures of the Sui and Tang Dynasty are full and rounded, and in the Song Dynasty, they are thin, delicate and pretty. Maiji Mountain Grottoes reflect the evolution of the clay sculptures art in China. They are referred to as “the treasure houses of oriental sculptures”.  麦积山导游词2  Located 45 kilometers (about 28 miles) southeast of Tianshui City in Gansu Province, Maiji Mountain rises up abruptly 142 meters (about 155 yards) from the landscape. The people named the mountain Maiji because it resembles a stack of wheat straw (mai meaning wheat, and ji meaning stack). On the sheer cliff that marks the southwest side of Maiji Mountain, people have labored for centuries carving niches and caves, giving rise to what is known today as the Maiji Caves. Inside the caves are clay statues, whose heights vary from 20 centimeters (about 8 inches) to 15 meters (over 49 feet). Besides 194 Buddhist caves and niches, containing more than 7, 200 clay statues, there are also murals of over 1, 300 square meters (about 1, 555 square yards) in the Maiji Caves as well. These statues are works of art that reflect ancient craftsmanship and dedication to the Buddhist ideal. Rarely can one find caves and statues carved over sheer cliffs in China, and this is one of the most distinguishing features of Maiji Caves. Being carved on the cliff, these caves are connected by plank roads that hang precariously along the face of the cliff. Visitors can only reach each cave by using these plank roads, which offers a breathtaking experience.  Work on the Maiji caves began in the late Qin Dynasty (221 BC – 206 BC), progressing through to the Qing Dynasty (1644 – 1911). The Northern Wei(386 – 534) period was also a time of its great prosperity, and Buddhism began to prevail as a cultural force. Subsequent dynasties added to and sometimes rebuilt the caves according to the styles of the era. Interestingly, although the statues were built at the same location, none of them maintained a similar style with those preceding it. Statues from each dynasty clearly developed distinct elements.  Another curious feature of the statues is their trend toward secularization, that is, a move toward depicting the icons as man rather than god. Except for statues built in the early period, almost all Buddhist statues look affable and accessible. They were no longer gods standing high in the heaven, but rather became more like common people.  Because of its exquisite clay statues and superb sculptural skills, Maiji Caves acquired special recognition. They have been classified as an Oriental Statues Exhibition Hall. Maiji Caves are one of the four most important caves in China. The other threes are Mogao Caves in Dunhuang, Gansu Province, Yungang Caves in Datong, Shanxi Province, and Longmen Grottoes in Luoyang, Henan Province. Their emphasis is on exquisite statues and beautiful natural scenes, while the others are on florid murals or magnificent stonecutting.  There are other places of interest near Maiji Mountain as well, Xianren Cliff,Shimen Mountain, Quxi and Maiji Arboretum, all offer fine panoramic views of mountains, rivers and plants in Northwest China.s(“content_relate”);【麦积山导游词范文】相关文章:1.麦积山石窟导游词范文2.甘肃麦积山的导游词3.麦积山一游作文4.导游词范文5.关于开封的导游词范文6.黄山的导游词范文450字7.介绍学校导游词范文8.包头游导游词范文s(“content_bottom”);深度阅读 导游词开场白 导游词精选 主题文章读后感1000字教育反思同学聚会感言厕所标语妈妈日记公益广告搞笑说说超拽网名公司寄语可爱网名心累的句子短信谜底青春寄语爱情美文教学资源历史解读结婚祝福语女生网名学习心得空间名字作文600字安全标语心情不好的句子动物故事小三故事周记300字游戏网名工会名字导游词图文推荐青海鸟岛导游词鲁迅故里导游词介休绵山的导游词江郎山的导游词s(“related_top”);麦积山导游词相关文章兵马俑的导游词新疆概况旅游导游词沈阳福陵景区导游词飞天山旅游风景区的导游词皇城相府的导游词酉阳桃花源唯美景点导游词武夷山导游词徐州的导游词导游词琥珀山庄导游词武汉东湖的导游词坝上草原导游词s(“related_bottom”);上一篇:经典四川五彩池导游词下一篇:哈尔滨市太阳岛导游词s(“right_top”);最新推荐长城导游词介绍济南的导游词洛阳的导游词麦积山的导游词麦积山导游词山西东岳庙飞云楼的导游词清迈的导游词海南大东海导游词流花湖公园的导游词介绍宁夏高庙保安寺的导游词庐山的导游词山西五老峰风景区导游词安徽黄山导游词黄龙洞导游词宜昌三峡人家导游词广西桂平西山优秀导游词青海茶卡盐湖导游词颐和园小学导游词s(“right_mid”);猜你喜欢麦积山导游词范文导游词范文介休绵山导游词范文佛光寺导游词范文阿斯哈图石林导游词范文桂林导游词范文悬空寺导游词范文青海导游词范文有关大理古城的导游词范文碑林的导游词范文民居导游词范文青岛导游词范文西安导游词范文亳州英文导游词范文北海公园的导游词范文苏州导游词范文s(“right_bottom”);Copyright©2021 短美文 duanmeiwen.com版权所有声明:本网站尊重并保护知识产权,根据《信息网络传播权保护条例》,如果我们转载的作品侵犯了您的权利,请在一个月内通知我们,我们会及时删除。document.write();document.write();
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